Children and firearms in the home: a Southwestern Ohio Ambulatory Research Network (SOAR-Net) study

J Am Board Fam Med. 2007 Jul-Aug;20(4):385-91. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2007.04.060118.


Background: To ascertain the prevalence of gun ownership, gun safety education, and parental attitudes on gun counseling in a Midwestern sample.

Methods: Parents seeking care at participating practices in the Southwestern Ohio Ambulatory Research Network were recruited to complete a survey about gun ownership, gun safety education, and gun counseling attitudes. Attitudes and beliefs were compared between gun owners and non-gun owners.

Results: Twenty-four percent of respondents had at least 1 gun in the home. Military families were more likely to own a gun than civilian families (28% vs 18%, P = .001). Fifty-two percent of sample children have received gun safety education. Eight percent indicated that a physician had asked about guns or discussed gun safety issues during an office visit. A majority of parents indicated that physicians should ask about guns in the home (69%) and advise parents on safe storage (75%), but they should not advise parents to remove guns from the home (12% of gun owners, 42% of non-gun owners).

Conclusions: Despite the morbidity and mortality associated with guns, physicians in this study do not seem to be addressing this risk with families. A majority of gun owners do not agree that physicians should counsel the removal of guns from the home but agree that they should discuss safe gun storage information.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Attitude
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Counseling / methods
  • Counseling / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Firearms*
  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ohio
  • Pediatrics*
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Safety