Morphology and somatotopic organisation of the central projections of afferents from tactile hairs on the hind leg of the locust

J Comp Neurol. 1991 Oct 22;312(4):493-508. doi: 10.1002/cne.903120402.

Abstract

The morphology and organisation of the central projections of tactile hair afferents from the hind leg of the locust, Schistocerca gregaria, were examined by staining individual hair afferents. Each tactile hair on the femur, tibia, and tarsus is innervated by a single sensory afferent, which projects to the ipsilateral half of the metathoracic ganglion. Afferents arborize in the ventralmost and lateral ventral association centres (vVAC and lVAC). The projections are organised somatotopically in a map with three axes, according to the position of the hair on the leg. First, proximo-distal: afferents from hairs on the proximal leg segments project more anteriorly than do those from hairs on distal leg segments. Moreover, on any given segment the afferents from the more proximal hairs project more anteriorly than do the afferents from the distal hairs. Second, antero-posterior: afferents from hairs on the posterior surface of the leg project more medially than do afferents from anterior hairs. Third, dorso-ventral: afferents from hairs on ventral parts of the leg project more ventrally than do afferents from the dorsal hairs. The afferents from posterior and anterior hairs project to an area between the central projections from dorsal hairs and ventral hairs. The position of a projection within the map is dependent upon the location of the hair on the leg and not the peripheral routes taken by the axon of its afferent to reach the ganglion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / cytology
  • Central Nervous System / physiology
  • Extremities / anatomy & histology
  • Extremities / innervation*
  • Female
  • Ganglia / chemistry
  • Grasshoppers / physiology*
  • Hair / physiology*
  • Male
  • Neural Pathways / cytology
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Neurons, Afferent / physiology*
  • Sensory Receptor Cells / physiology*