Cardiac arrest with continuous mechanical chest compression during percutaneous coronary intervention. A report on the use of the LUCAS device

Resuscitation. 2007 Dec;75(3):454-9. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2007.05.007. Epub 2007 Jul 6.


Mechanical chest compression may be necessary to make coronary intervention possible during resuscitation. We report our experience using the Lund University Cardiac Arrest System (LUCAS, Jolife, Lund, Sweden) which is a gas-driven sternal compression device that incorporates a suction cup for active decompression. During the last 13 months LUCAS has been used in our catheterisation laboratory to maintain adequate organ perfusion pressure in 13 patients with cardiac arrest or severe hypotension and bradycardia (male/female ratio 1.6, mean age 59+/-19). The mean compression time was 105+/-60min (range 45-240), and the mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure obtained was 81+/-23 and 34+/-21mmHg, respectively. Angiography and eventually percutanous coronary intervention was possible in all cases during ongoing automatic chest compression. Three patients survived the procedure, but no patients were discharged alive. In two cases we found inadequate flow in the anterior descending artery, and in one case the invasive measurements revealed inadequate coronary perfusion pressure. There were no excessive intra-thoracic or intra-abdominal injuries. We conclude that the LUCAS device is suitable during cardiac catheterisation and intervention, and the device ensures an adequate systemic blood pressure in most patients without life-threatening injuries.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Assisted Circulation / instrumentation*
  • Assisted Circulation / statistics & numerical data
  • Cardiac Catheterization*
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / adverse effects
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Heart Arrest / diagnosis
  • Heart Arrest / therapy*
  • Heart Massage / adverse effects
  • Heart Massage / instrumentation*
  • Heart Massage / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome