Mip/LIN-9 can inhibit cell proliferation independent of the pocket proteins

Blood Cells Mol Dis. Nov-Dec 2007;39(3):272-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2007.05.006. Epub 2007 Jul 6.


Progression through the G1-phase of the cell cycle requires that cyclin D and CDK4 phosphorylate pRB and the other pocket proteins, p107 and p130. Cyclin E and CDK2 further phosphorylate pRB to complete its inactivation and allow the cell to enter S-phase. These phosphorylation events lead to the inactivation of the antiproliferative effect of the pocket proteins. The pocket proteins are the main targets of CDK4, and its unregulated activity can contribute to carcinogenesis. Mip/LIN9 is a recently described protein with growth suppressor, as well as growth promoting effects due to its ability to stabilize B-Myb and induce genes required for S phase and mitosis. The finding that a mutation that deletes the first 84 amino acids of Mip/LIN-9 corrects the defects of the CDK4 knockout mouse suggests that it should have a growth repressor effect that is blocked by CDK4. However, overexpression of cyclin D only partially blocks the inhibitory effect of Mip/LIN-9 on cell proliferation. Here, we performed experiments to further understand the antiproliferative effect of Mip/LIN-9 within the context of the pocket proteins. Our results suggest that there is a pocket protein-independent mechanism of the Mip/LIN-9 antiproliferative effect since it can be observed in cells with ablation of the three members of the family, and in NIH3T3 cells expressing the adenovirus E1A-12S protein. Altogether, the independence from the pocket proteins and the partial blockade of the antiproliferative effect produced by expression of cyclin D suggest that the role of Mip/LIN-9 downstream of CDK4 may be more closely related to the activation of B-Myb and the induction of S/M genes. Importantly, the regulatory effect of CDK4 is not due to direct phosphorylation of Mip/LIN-9 by this kinase or even CDK2, suggesting an indirect mechanism such as phosphorylation of the pocket proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2 / metabolism*
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 / metabolism*
  • Cyclins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism*


  • Cyclins
  • LIN-9 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Cdk2 protein, mouse
  • Cdk4 protein, mouse
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4