Imaging of the brain in children with type I diabetes mellitus

Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Sep;37(9):863-9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-007-0536-8. Epub 2007 Jul 10.


Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) affects about 1 in 500 children and can cause damage to multiple organ systems. In recent years, growing attention has been given to the effects of type 1 DM on the brain. In this article we review important imaging features of the brain in children with type 1 DM, including (1) imaging the child in diabetic ketoacidosis and the child with hypoglycemia, (2) syndromes associated with type 1 DM, and (3) long-term effects of type 1 DM on brain structure.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / diagnosis*
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*