Disposition of desloratadine in healthy volunteers

Xenobiotica. 2007 Jul;37(7):770-87. doi: 10.1080/00498250701463325.


The absorption, metabolism and excretion of desloratadine (DL, Clarinex) were characterized in six healthy male volunteers. Subjects received a single oral 10-mg dose of [(14)C]DL ( approximately 104 microCi). Blood, urine and feces were collected over 240 h. DL was well absorbed; drug-derived radioactivity was excreted in both urine (41%) and feces (47%). With the exception of a single subject, DL was extensively metabolized; the major biotransformation pathway consisted of hydroxylation at the 3 position of the pyridine ring and subsequent glucuronidation (3-OH-DL-glucuronide or M13). In five of the six subjects, DL was slowly eliminated (mean t((1/2)) = 19.5 h) and persisted in the plasma for 48-120 h post-dose. This is in contrast to a t((1/2)) of approximately 110 h and quantifiable plasma DL concentrations for the entire 240-h sampling period in one subject, who was identified phenotypically as a poor metabolizer of DL. This subject also exhibited correspondingly lower amounts of M13 in urine and 3-OH-DL (M40) in feces. Disposition of DL in this subject was characterized by slow absorption, slow metabolism and prolonged elimination. Further clinical studies confirmed the lack of safety issues associated with polymorphism of DL metabolism (Prenner et al. 2006, Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, 5: 211-223).

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Loratadine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Loratadine / pharmacokinetics
  • Male


  • Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating
  • Loratadine
  • desloratadine