Catheter-associated bloodstream infections in general medical patients outside the intensive care unit: a surveillance study

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Aug;28(8):905-9. doi: 10.1086/519206. Epub 2007 Jun 27.


Objective: To determine the incidence of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated bloodstream infection (CA-BSI) among patients admitted to general medical wards outside the intensive care unit (ICU).

Design: Prospective cohort study performed over a 13-month period, from April 1, 2002, through April 30, 2003.

Setting: Four selected general medical wards at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1,250-bed teaching hospital in Saint Louis, Missouri. PATIENTS; All patients admitted to 4 general medical wards.

Results: A total of 7,337 catheter-days were observed during 33,174 patient-days. The device utilization ratio (defined as the number of catheter-days divided by the number of patient-days) was 0.22 overall and was similar among the 4 wards (0.21, 0.25, 0.19, and 0.24). Forty-two episodes of CA-BSI were identified (rate, 5.7 infections per 1,000 catheter-days). Twenty-four (57%) of the 42 cases of CA-BSI were caused by gram-positive bacteria: 10 isolates (24%) were coagulase-negative staphylococci, 10 (24%) were Enterococcus species, and 3 (7%) were Staphylococcus aureus. Gram-negative bacteria caused 7 infections (17%). Five CA-BSIs (12%) were caused by Candida albicans, and 5 infections (12%) had a polymicrobial etiology. Thirty-five patients (83%) with CA-BSI had nontunneled CVCs in place.

Conclusions: Non-ICU medical wards in the study hospital had device utilization rates that were considerably lower than those of medical ICUs, but CA-BSI rates were similar to CA-BSI rates in medical ICUs in the United States. Studies of catheter utilization and on CVC insertion and care should be performed on medical wards. CA-BSI prevention strategies that have been used in ICUs should be studied on medical wards.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Hospital Units / statistics & numerical data
  • Hospitals, Teaching / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Missouri / epidemiology
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sepsis / epidemiology*