Effects of phosphoric acid and tannic acid on dentine collagen

J Oral Rehabil. 1991 Nov;18(6):507-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.1991.tb00073.x.


We examined the effects of phosphoric acid, the most common enamel etchant in composite resin therapy, on dentine collagen. Dentine collagen pretreated with 7M phosphoric acid was shown to be more susceptible to trypsin digestion than untreated collagen. This susceptibility increased with increasing duration of exposure to the acid. The results indicate that phosphoric acid induces a conformational change in dentine collagen (denaturation or perturbation) similar to that observed with 0.39 M HCl, which has a similar pH value (0.65). However, phosphoric acid-pretreated dentine collagen, when treated with tannic acid for 2 h, became as resistant to tryptic digestion as intact dentine collagen. The present results suggest that tannic acid may work as a dentine conditioner in composite resin therapy, in view of the fact that phosphoric acid etchant is applied, either deliberately or inadvertently, to dentine, and would thus induce denaturation or perturbation of collagen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Collagen / chemistry*
  • Dentin / chemistry
  • Dentin / drug effects*
  • Dentin Solubility / drug effects
  • Hydrochloric Acid / pharmacology
  • Hydrolyzable Tannins / pharmacology*
  • Phosphoric Acids / pharmacology*
  • Time Factors
  • Trypsin / pharmacology


  • Hydrolyzable Tannins
  • Phosphoric Acids
  • Collagen
  • Trypsin
  • Hydrochloric Acid