Conceptions of health and health behaviors of preschool children

J Pediatr Nurs. 1991 Dec;6(6):396-406.


A modified version of Flaherty's (1986) Preschool Health Picture Interview was administered to 30 preschool children to explore their conceptions of health and health behaviors. Health was conceptualized as a positive feeling state and the ability to participate in desired activities. Brushing teeth and eating were the highest ranked health-promotion behaviors. Behaviors harmful to health were explained in terms of immediate physical consequences. Responses to all questions were predominantly behavioral. A t test showed that the mean number of moral responses given by boys to all questions was significantly greater (p = 0.04) than the mean number given by girls although no significant differences between boys' and girls' responses were found for any subgroup of questions.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pediatric Nursing
  • Psychology, Child*
  • Sex Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires