Objective/goal: To describe the incidence of 3 bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA) in New York City (NYC) and to identify predictors for STI acquisition.
Study design: The surveillance registry of PLWHA diagnosed with HIV through December 31, 2000, and reported to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene was matched with the surveillance registry of persons diagnosed with other STIs during 2001-2002. Incident STIs were defined as cases of gonorrhea, chlamydia, or early syphilis acquired after HIV diagnosis.
Results: Among 62,264 NYC PLWHA, 1466 (2.4%) had an incident STI diagnosed during 2001-2002. Two-year cumulative STI incidence was highest among PLWHA who were men (2.6%), non-Hispanic white (3.2%), aged 13-24 years (8.4%), men who have sex with men (4.5%), and persons living with HIV (non-AIDS) (4.1%). Predictors of STI acquisition among PLWHA varied substantially by STI type.
Conclusions: This population-based surveillance registry cross-match reveals that high-risk sexual practices occur among specific segments of the NYC PLWHA population. To decrease associated morbidity and prevent the secondary spread of HIV and STIs, prevention efforts should focus on PLWHA who continue to engage in high-risk sexual activity.