Objectives: In vivo, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is rapidly deacetylated to form salicylic acid, which then undergoes primary or secondary glucuronidation catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). The variant UGT1A6*2 (T181A, R184S) is associated with altered enzyme function. Our objective was to compare salicylic acid glucuronidation in individuals with different UGT1A6 genotypes.
Methods: Following orally dosing with 650 mg aspirin, saliva and urine samples were collected over a period of 24 h from healthy individuals with homozygous wild-type UGT1A6 *1/*1 (n=19) and homozygous variant UGT1A6 *2/*2 (T181A, R184S) (n=9) genotypes.
Results: No statistically significant differences were observed in salivary pharmacokinetic parameters. Urinary excretion of the sum of aspirin and its metabolites (salicyluric acid, salicyluric acid phenolic glucuronide, salicyl phenolic glucuronide, salicyl acyl glucuronide, salicylic acid) during the early period of 2-4 h of collection was significantly lower in UGT1A6 *1/*1 than in UGT1A6 *2/*2 individuals. Further, UGT1A6 *1/*1 individuals excreted a lower percentage of aspirin and its metabolites in the first 12 h and a greater percentage after 12 h than UGT1A6 *2/*2 individuals.
Conclusions: The variant UGT1A6*2 or polymorphisms in other UGTs that are in linkage disequilibrium with UGT1A6*2 may confer more rapid glucuronidation of salicylic acid than the wild-type UGT1A6 *1/*1.