Artifacts and pitfalls in MR imaging of the pelvis

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Sep;26(3):480-97. doi: 10.1002/jmri.20996.


Artifacts are intimately intertwined with MRI. For the practicing radiologist, effective supervision, troubleshooting, and interpretation of diagnostic MR studies require a solid knowledge of the pertinent artifacts. This article seeks to familiarize the reader with commonly encountered artifacts and pitfalls in pelvic imaging, the mechanism behind their generation, and methods of minimizing their negative impact or maximizing their diagnostic yield. It also serves as an exciting tool to learn many aspects of basic and advanced MR physics. Artifacts are categorized into patient- and sequence-related artifacts. Various manifestations of motion and vascular artifacts, susceptibility, altered tissue contrast, blurring, chemical shift artifact, volume averaging, and gadolinium (Gd) pseudolayering are explained, along with their proposed remedies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts
  • Gadolinium / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Lymphography / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / instrumentation
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Movement
  • Pelvis / pathology*
  • Peristalsis
  • Respiration


  • Gadolinium