We examined the effects of orally administered glycine on myofibrillar proteolysis in food-deprived chicks. Food-deprived (24 h) chicks were orally administered 57, 113, and 225 mg glycine/100 g body weight and killed after 2 h. The plasma N(tau)-methylhistidine concentration, used as myofibrillar proteolysis, was decreased by glycine. We also examined the expression of proteolytic-related genes by real-time PCR of cDNA from chick skeletal muscles. The mRNA expression of atrogin-1/MAFbx, proteasome C2 subunit, m-calpain large subunit, and cathepsin B was decreased by glycine in a dose-dependent manner. The plasma corticosterone concentration was also decreased by glycine, but the plasma insulin concentration was unaffected. These results indicate that orally administered glycine suppresses myofibrillar proteolysis and expression of proteolytic-related genes of skeletal muscle by decreasing the plasma corticosterone concentration in chicks.