Risk factors for HIV infection in males who have sex with males (MSM) in Bangladesh

BMC Public Health. 2007 Jul 12;7:153. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-153.

Abstract

Background: Recent surveillance data from Bangladesh indicate rising HIV infection among intravenous drug users (IDU) in the country. We suggest a likely association between HIV risk factors in this group and other groups, such as males who have sex with males (MSM).

Methods: Data on MSM in Bangladesh was collected and analyzed from numerous primary and secondary sources, including government ministries, non-profit health organizations, and personal communications.

Results: The overall prevalence of HIV in Bangladesh is relatively low, but surveillance data indicate that infection has reached significant proportions in certain high-risk groups and may soon spread to other groups, specifically MSM.

Conclusion: The epidemiology of HIV infection in other countries suggests that increasing rates of HIV in higher-risk populations can precede an epidemic in the general population. We review the data concerning MSM, IDU and HIV in Bangladesh from a variety of sources and propose ways to prevent HIV transmission.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bangladesh / epidemiology
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Homosexuality, Male / psychology*
  • Homosexuality, Male / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sex Work
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / transmission
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / virology
  • Unsafe Sex / statistics & numerical data*