[Selenium requirements of dairy goats]

Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2007 Jun 15;132(12):468-71.
[Article in Dutch]


Selenium is an essential part of the enzyme glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-Px) and plays an important role in the intracellular aspecific immune defence. Reference values for blood levels of GSH-Px are not available for dairy goats. The EU has authorized the addition of selenium (as E), in the form of sodium selenite or sodium selenate, to animal feeds, to a maximum of 0.5 mg selenium/kg complete feed. Dairy goats given feed containing the maximum level of selenium (0.5 mg/kg) had GSH-Px levels of more than 1000 U/g Hb. The reference values for GSH-Px in cattle, horses, and pigs are between 120 and 600 U/g Hb. Newborn kids had GSH-Px levels between 350 and 400 U/g Hb, comparable with those ofnewborn calves. In conclusion, the addition of selenium to feeds for dairy goats in amounts authorized by the EU leads to blood GSH-Px levels that are substantially higher than those in other species, such as horses, cattle, and pigs. Thus the maximum level of supplemental selenium in feeds for dairy goats should be less than 0.5 mg/kg.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / blood
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • Goats / blood
  • Goats / physiology*
  • Lactation / blood
  • Lactation / physiology
  • Nutritional Requirements*
  • Reference Standards
  • Reference Values
  • Selenium / administration & dosage*
  • Selenium / blood*
  • Trace Elements / administration & dosage
  • Trace Elements / blood


  • Trace Elements
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Selenium