Molecular Characterization of Rab11-FIP3 Binding to ARF GTPases

Eur J Cell Biol. 2007 Aug;86(8):417-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2007.05.004. Epub 2007 Jul 12.


Rab11-FIP3 is a Rab11-binding protein that has been implicated in regulating cytokinesis in mammalian cells. FIP3 functions by simultaneously interacting with Rab11 as well as Arf GTPases. However, unlike the interaction between Rab11 and FIP3, the structural basis of FIP3 binding to Arf GTPases has not yet been determined. The specificity of interaction between FIP3 and Arf GTPases remains controversial. While it was reported that FIP3 preferentially binds to Arf6 some data suggest that FIP3 can also interact with Arf5 and even possibly Arf4. The Arf-interaction motif on FIP3 also remains to be determined. Finally, the importance of Arf binding to FIP3 in regulating cell division and other cellular functions remains unclear. Here we used a combination of various biochemical techniques to measure the affinity of FIP3 binding to various Arfs and to demonstrate that FIP3 predominantly interacts with Arf6 in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we identified the motifs mediating Arf6 and FIP3 interaction and demonstrated that FIP3 binds to the Arf6 C-terminus rather than switch motifs. Finally we show that FIP3 and Arf6 binding is required for the targeting of Arf6 to the cleavage furrow during cytokinesis. Thus, we propose that FIP3 is a scaffolding protein that, in addition to regulating endosome targeting to the cleavage furrow, also is required for Arf6 recruitment to the midbody during late telophase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cytokinesis
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Mutant Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Transfection
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Mutant Proteins
  • Rab11-FIP3 protein, human
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors
  • ADP-ribosylation factor 6