Susceptibility to varicella in childbearing age women, Central Italy: is there a need for vaccinating this population group?

Vaccine. 2007 Aug 10;25(32):6086-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.05.019. Epub 2007 Jun 4.


We conducted a cross-sectional seroprevalence study of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antibodies in childbearing age women aged 17-42 years. Sera were collected in Central Italy in years 2001-2002 and were tested by a commercial VZV IgG enzyme immunoassay. Overall VZV seroprevalence was 80.9% and it showed a significant increase by age, confirming a considerable circulation of VZV also in the older age groups not commonly considered at high risk. This study further supports the importance of vaccinating susceptible adolescents and women of childbearing age in order to reduce both maternal and foetal complications associated with varicella in pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Viral / analysis
  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology
  • Chickenpox / epidemiology*
  • Chickenpox / immunology
  • Chickenpox / prevention & control*
  • Chickenpox Vaccine / administration & dosage*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Herpesvirus 3, Human / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Maternal Age*
  • Pregnancy
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Chickenpox Vaccine