Persistence of bilateral arterial ducts in pulmonary atresia despite confluent branch pulmonary arteries: opportunity for two percutaneous therapeutic alternatives

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2007 Aug 1;70(2):290-5. doi: 10.1002/ccd.21110.


We present a case of a newborn infant with double inlet left ventricle, pulmonary atresia, confluent pulmonary arteries, and bilateral arterial ducts (AD), to discuss the therapeutic alternatives offered by interventional catheterization techniques in this anatomic arrangement. The infant initially underwent stenting of the right AD to stabilize pulmonary blood flow off of prostaglandin infusion. Three weeks later, she developed left pulmonary artery isolation upon closure of the left arterial duct. An additional stent was placed in the pulmonary artery confluence, restoring blood flow to the left lung and significantly improving her oxygen saturations. At 6 months of age she underwent her first surgical procedure, a successful bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis with removal of the left pulmonary artery stent and patch enlargement of the pulmonary artery confluence. She continues to do well in clinical follow-up at 16 months of age.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Catheterization*
  • Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / diagnostic imaging
  • Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / physiopathology
  • Ductus Arteriosus, Patent / therapy*
  • Female
  • Heart Bypass, Right
  • Heart Ventricles / abnormalities
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pulmonary Artery / abnormalities*
  • Pulmonary Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Artery / physiopathology
  • Pulmonary Artery / surgery
  • Pulmonary Atresia / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Atresia / physiopathology
  • Pulmonary Atresia / surgery
  • Pulmonary Atresia / therapy*
  • Pulmonary Circulation
  • Radiography
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome