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, 32 (16), 1748-53

Melatonin Receptor 1B (MTNR1B) Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With the Occurrence of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

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Melatonin Receptor 1B (MTNR1B) Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With the Occurrence of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Xu Sheng Qiu et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976).

Abstract

Study design: A genetic association study to comprehensively investigate variations of melatonin receptor 1B gene polymorphism by a set of tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNPs) derived from the International Hapmap project.

Objectives: To determine whether melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) gene polymorphisms are associated with the predisposition and/or disease severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Summary of background data: Linkage studies suggested a genetic predisposition for AIS. In addition, evidence showed that AIS might be related to melatonin deficiency and dysfunction of melatonin signaling pathway. Locating in one of the chromosomal regions linked to AIS, MTNR1B gene is a potential candidate gene for AIS.

Methods: This study was carried out in 2-stage case-control analysis: 1) initial screening (472 cases and 304 controls) and 2) separate replication test (342 cases and 347 controls) to confirm results in the screening. In the first screening stage, 5 tagSNPs were selected to cover most of the genetic variation in the MTNR1B gene. In the second stage, SNPs showing association in the screening stage were studied in a separate replication sample set to confirm the association. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP.

Results: The first stage showed a putative association between rs4753426 and AIS, which was confirmed in the replication sample set. By meta-analysis, the frequency of C allele of this SNP locating in the promoter was significantly higher in the cases than controls (P = 0.006 aftermeta-analysis). Subjects with the CC genotype had an odds ratio of 1.29 for AIS. Another SNP rs741837 in promoter region, being moderate linkage disequilibrium with rs4753426, was also marginally associated with AIS.

Conclusion: Polymorphisms of the promoter of MTNR1B gene were associated with AIS, but not with the curve severity in AIS patients. This suggested that MTNR1B was an AIS predisposition gene.

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