Clinical characteristics of lupus myocarditis in Korea

Rheumatol Int. 2008 Jan;28(3):275-80. doi: 10.1007/s00296-007-0414-6. Epub 2007 Jul 19.


Clinically important myocarditis is an unusual feature in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of five SLE patients who developed severe left ventricular dysfunction. Four patients were female with mean age of 36.4 years. Three patients had both lupus myocarditis and lupus nephritis. Four patients had raised anti-dsDNA antibody titer and low complement level and two patients had positive IgG anticardiolipin antibody. Three patients were treated by high-dose corticosteroids, one patient by intravenous pulse methylprednisolone, and one patient by intravenous immunoglobulin and pulse cyclophosphamide with high dose corticosteroids. Left ventricular function improved markedly in four patients and all of them had no recurrence of lupus myocarditis up to follow-up of 33 months. However, one patient, who showed no improvement of left ventricular function, was expired due to sudden cardiac arrest. Lupus myocarditis should be treated by immunosuppressive therapy with high-dose corticosteroids and mostly the prognosis might be good with early treatment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Adult
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / administration & dosage
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / therapeutic use
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Korea
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / drug therapy*
  • Lupus Nephritis / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Methylprednisolone / administration & dosage
  • Methylprednisolone / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocarditis / drug therapy*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / drug therapy*
  • Young Adult


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Methylprednisolone