Replantation after extended dry storage of avulsed permanent incisors: report of a case

Dent Traumatol. 2007 Aug;23(4):251-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2005.00425.x.


A 15-year-old boy lost his maxillary right and left central incisor teeth in a bicycle accident. He was referred to our clinic 1 week after the injury. The crown-root integrities of both the teeth were not damaged. Although the teeth were stored under dry conditions for 1 week, reimplantation of the teeth was planned to retain the teeth in the mouth for as long a period as possible because of the patient's age. Following the debridement and sterilization of root surfaces in 2.5% NaOCl, root canals were prepared and filled with calcium hydroxide. Then, about 2 mm of the apexes were resected to ensure that the roots easily seated in the alveolar socket and the prepared cavities in root ends were obturated with the amalgam. The teeth were placed into their respective sockets and splinted temporarily. The root canal therapy was completed 5 weeks later. Ankylosis was observed radiographically after 10 months. The patient is now 23 years old and he is still able to use both the central incisors functionally. However, there is a pink appearance on the cervical buccal surface of left central incisor because of progressive replacement resorption. In this case, the new treatment plan is to perform a permanent restoration with dental implants following the extraction of both teeth. Even though the long-term prognosis is uncertain, this treatment technique has provided an advantage for the patient in his adolescent period by maintaining the height of alveolar bone and making the provision of an aesthetically acceptable permanent restoration at a later age possible.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Apicoectomy
  • Dentition, Permanent
  • Humans
  • Incisor / injuries*
  • Male
  • Maxilla
  • Root Canal Therapy
  • Root Resorption / etiology
  • Tissue Preservation*
  • Tooth Ankylosis / etiology
  • Tooth Avulsion / surgery*
  • Tooth Replantation* / adverse effects