Objective: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been linked to cell cycle control in various models, involving regulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1).
Results: Here, we demonstrate that HDAC inhibition by trichostatin A reduces S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 mRNA and protein abundance. Furthermore, in contrast to HDAC1, recruited to the skp2 promoter in the G(0) phase, HDAC3 is bound in early S phase. Activating function of HDAC3 towards the skp2 gene has been validated using RNA interference techniques. siRNAs, targeting HDAC3 specifically, reduced skp2 transcription.
Conclusion: These findings propose that the skp2 gene is a novel target of HDAC3, mediating cell cycle control and oncogenesis.