Proteomic approach for purification of seminal plasma proteins involved in tumor proliferation

J Sep Sci. 2007 Aug;30(12):1979-88. doi: 10.1002/jssc.200700028.


Human seminal plasma contains a large array of proteins required for the normal physiology and metabolism of spermatozoa. These are mainly secreted from prostate epithelium, testes, and seminal vesicles. Fortunately, many of these are found to be present at elevated concentration in seminal plasma and act as a biomarker of different carcinomas as their levels are also enhanced in serum and are found to be involved in tumor progression and metastasis apart from fertility. The proteins which were overexpressed in the seminal plasma of prostate carcinoma patients were identified by 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/MS. We have designed a strategy to purify these four proteins prostate specific antigen (PSA), prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), Zinc alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), and progastricsin (PG), together in homogeneity by using simple chromatographic techniques. Acidic and basic fractions of human seminal plasma were separated by ion exchange chromatography and further purified by gel permeation chromatography. Our results form a new and valuable resource for those attempting structure-based drug designing for prostate and other cancers where the amount of proteins is required in plenty and in native form.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange / methods
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional / methods
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Isoelectric Focusing
  • Male
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteomics / methods*
  • Semen / metabolism
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*