The Recovery Experience Questionnaire: development and validation of a measure for assessing recuperation and unwinding from work

J Occup Health Psychol. 2007 Jul;12(3):204-21. doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.12.3.204.


Drawing on the mood regulation and job-stress recovery literature, four self-report measures for assessing how individuals unwind and recuperate from work during leisure time were developed (Study 1). Confirmatory factor analyses with a calibration and a cross-validation sample (total N=930) showed that four recovery experiences can be differentiated: psychological detachment from work, relaxation, mastery, and control (Study 2). Examination of the nomological net in a subsample of Study 2 (N=271) revealed moderate relations of the recovery experiences with measures of job stressors and psychological well-being; relations with coping and personality variables were generally low (Study 3). Potential applications for the future use of these short 4-item measures in longitudinal and diary research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Relaxation Therapy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States