During the examination of 75 fixed brains and 2086 vertebral angiograms we encountered two cases of fenestration of the vertebral artery and two cases of partial duplication of the basilar artery. In the first case, an 81 year old male, there was fenestration, of the basilar artery at the union of the two vertebral arteries. The fenestration was 9mm long with no associated vascular disease. The other partial duplication of the basilar artery was observed in the upper portion of the artery in a 54 year old male patient investigated angiographically for subarachnoid haemorrhage. The fenestration of the third case was demonstrated in the intracranial part of the right vertebral artery of a 50 year old female patient during digital subtraction angiography for subarachnoid haemorrhage. In the fourth case, the fenestration was found angiographically at the atlanto-axial level in the extracranial portion of the left vertebral artery in a 37 year old female patient with subarachnoid haemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation in the left cerebral hemisphere. The embryonic, histological and radiological implications of the duplication are discussed.