Prevention of lipopolysaccharide-induced injury by 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid in endothelial cells

Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2007 Aug;28(8):1143-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7254.2007.00595.x.


Aim: To investigate the effect of 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,5-diCQA) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1).

Methods: The anti-oxidant effect was detected using the malondialdehyde (MDA) assay in a rat liver microsome model of lipid peroxidation. Cell viability was analyzed using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell lipid peroxide injury was measured by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Apoptotic cells were detected by flow cytometry, and confirmed by DNA fragmentation analysis. Caspase-3 activity was measured using a specific assay kit. The level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined by flow cytometry with a 2,7-dichlorodihydro-fluorescein diacetate fluorescence probe.

Results: The exposure of microsomes to ascorbate-Fe2+ resulted in lipoperoxidation according to an increase in the level of MDA. MDA formation decreased in a dose-dependent manner on treatment with 5, 10, or 50 micromol/L 3,5-diCQA. Treatment with LPS for 16 h resulted in a 60% decrease in cell viability and an increase in LDH release from 47.6% to 61.5%. DNA laddering was observed by agarose gel electrophoresis. The level of apoptotic cells peaked at 27% after treatment with LPS for 12 h. Following treatment with LPS for 12 h, intracellular ROS and caspase-3 activity increased. Pretreatment with 3,5-diCQA at 5, 10, or 50 micromol/L for 1 h attenuated LPS-mediated endothelial cell injury. The anti-apoptotic action of 3,5-diCQA was partially dependent on its capacity for anti-oxidation and the suppression of caspase-3 activity.

Conclusion: 3,5-diCQA displays anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic activity in HMEC-1 due to scavenging of intracellular ROS induced by LPS, and the suppression of caspase-3 activity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chlorogenic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Chlorogenic Acid / pharmacology
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects*
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Lipopolysaccharides / toxicity*
  • Rats
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism


  • Antioxidants
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Chlorogenic Acid
  • Caspase 3
  • 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid