Rapsyn interaction with calpain stabilizes AChR clusters at the neuromuscular junction

Neuron. 2007 Jul 19;55(2):247-60. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.031.


Agrin induces, whereas acetylcholine (ACh) disperses, ACh receptor (AChR) clusters during neuromuscular synaptogenesis. Such counteractive interaction leads to eventual dispersal of nonsynaptic AChR-rich sites and formation of receptor clusters at the postjunctional membrane. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we show that calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, is activated by the cholinergic stimulation and is required for induced dispersion of AChR clusters. Interestingly, the AChR-associated protein rapsyn interacted with calpain in an agrin-dependent manner, and this interaction inhibited the protease activity of calpain. Disrupting the endogenous rapsyn/calpain interaction enhanced CCh-induced dispersion of AChR clusters. Moreover, the loss of AChR clusters in agrin mutant mice was partially rescued by the inhibition of calpain via overexpressing calpastatin, an endogenous calpain inhibitor, or injecting calpeptin, a cell-permeable calpain inhibitor. These results demonstrate that calpain participates in ACh-induced dispersion of AChR clusters, and rapsyn stabilizes AChR clusters by suppressing calpain activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agrin / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Calpain / metabolism*
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Cholinergic Agonists / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Neuromuscular Junction / drug effects
  • Neuromuscular Junction / metabolism*
  • Receptor Aggregation / drug effects
  • Receptor Aggregation / physiology*
  • Receptors, Cholinergic / drug effects
  • Receptors, Cholinergic / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Synaptic Membranes / drug effects
  • Synaptic Membranes / metabolism


  • Agrin
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Cholinergic Agonists
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Receptors, Cholinergic
  • peripheral membrane protein 43K
  • calpastatin
  • Carbachol
  • Calpain