Treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts, pancreatic necrosis, and pancreatic duct leaks

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2007 Jul;17(3):559-79, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2007.05.013.


Pancreatic pseudocysts arise as a complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic trauma (including postsurgical). Pancreatic necrosis occurs following severe pancreatitis and may evolve into an entity termed organized pancreatic necrosis that is endoscopically treatable. Pancreatic duct leaks are frequently seen in relation to pseudocysts and necrosis. Alternatively, pancreatic duct leaks may present with pleural effusions, ascites, or after pancreatic surgery or percutaneous drainage. Endoscopic treatment of pancreatic fluid collections and pancreatic duct leaks can be achieved using transpapillary and/or transmural stent placement.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Drainage / methods
  • Endoscopy, Digestive System / methods*
  • Humans
  • Necrosis
  • Pancreas / pathology*
  • Pancreatic Diseases / surgery*
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst / surgery*