Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhea in Madurai City, South India

Jpn J Infect Dis. 2007 Jul;60(4):209-10.

Abstract

The prevalence and pattern of parasitic infestation among 80 HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhea in Madurai, south India, was studied by microscopy. Eighty HIV-negative patients were used as controls. Intestinal parasites were detected in 31 HIV/AIDS patients (38.7%) and in 14 (17.5%) HIV-negative patients, a difference that was statistically significant (P < 0.05). In HIV/AIDS patients with diarrhea, protozoa accounted for the majority of diarrhea cases (Entamoeba spp. 37.5%, Cryptosporidium parvum 28.7%). It is therefore suggested that enteric infections are more common in HIV-infected patients than in HIV-negative persons in south India, and this may be due to differences in immunological profile, susceptibility as well as factors related to sanitation and the environment.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / etiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / parasitology*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Cryptosporidiosis / epidemiology*
  • Cryptosporidiosis / virology
  • Cryptosporidium parvum / isolation & purification
  • Dysentery / epidemiology*
  • Dysentery / parasitology
  • Dysentery / virology
  • Entamoeba / isolation & purification
  • Entamoebiasis / epidemiology*
  • Entamoebiasis / virology
  • Female
  • HIV*
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence