Risk factors for mortality in a diverse cohort of patients with childhood-onset diabetes in Chicago

Diabetes Care. 2007 Oct;30(10):2559-63. doi: 10.2337/dc07-0216. Epub 2007 Jul 20.

Abstract

Objective: We sought to determine whether risk of death differed by demographic or other characteristics in a population-based cohort of patients with childhood-onset diabetes.

Research design and methods: The Chicago Childhood Diabetes Registry is an ethnically diverse cohort of patients with diabetes onset between ages 0 and 17 years. Cases that accumulated from 1 January 1985 to 31 December 2000 (n = 1,238) were assessed for vital status using death certificates, family reports, and two large administrative databases (Social Security Death Index and National Death Index). Mortality was compared between subgroups using Poisson and Cox proportional hazards regression.

Results: Thirty subjects died, with a mean follow-up time of 7.75 years, yielding a crude case fatality rate of 2.4%. Six subjects died of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at initial presentation. Onset age was the predominant risk factor, driven by a substantially higher fatality rate among those diagnosed at age 17 years (13.36/1,000 person-years) than among other ages and by moderately higher rates for those diagnosed in early adolescence (ages 10-13 years) (3.49/1,000 person-years), compared with children diagnosed before age 10 years (0.89/1,000 person-years) or at ages 14-16 years (0.81/1,000 person-years). Mortality did not differ significantly by other factors examined; data for whites were insufficient to allow comparisons with that group. In addition to diabetes, frequent causes of death were trauma, infectious disease, and cardiovascular disease.

Conclusions: This study provides short- to medium-term follow-up in a diverse cohort of patients. DKA remains a significant cause of death in young people with diabetes. Young people diagnosed at the threshold of adulthood are at increased risk for mortality.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age of Onset
  • Chicago / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / mortality*
  • Ethnicity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis