Emerging roles of alkali cation/proton exchangers in organellar homeostasis

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2007 Aug;19(4):483-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2007.06.001. Epub 2007 Jul 23.


The regulated movement of monovalent cations such as H(+), Li(+), Na(+) and K(+) across biological membranes influences a myriad of cellular processes and is fundamental to all living organisms. This is accomplished by a multiplicity of ion channels, pumps and transporters. Our insight into their molecular, cellular and physiological diversity has increased greatly in the past few years with the advent of genome sequencing, genetic manipulation and sophisticated imaging techniques. One of the revelations from these studies is the emergence of novel alkali cation/protons exchangers that are present in endomembranes, where they function to regulate not only intraorganellar pH but also vesicular biogenesis, trafficking and other aspects of cellular homeostasis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endosomes / physiology
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Ion Transport*
  • Metals, Alkali / metabolism*
  • Organelles / physiology*
  • Protons
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers / physiology*


  • Metals, Alkali
  • Protons
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers