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. 2007;56(2):103-10.

Indole-3-acetic Acid Production and Effect on Sprouting of Yam (Dioscorea Rotundata L.) Minisetts by Bacillus Subtilis Isolated From Culturable Cowdung Microflora

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  • PMID: 17650680

Indole-3-acetic Acid Production and Effect on Sprouting of Yam (Dioscorea Rotundata L.) Minisetts by Bacillus Subtilis Isolated From Culturable Cowdung Microflora

Manas R Swain et al. Pol J Microbiol. .

Abstract

Bacillus subtilis strains (CM1-CM5) isolated from culturable cowdung microflora were investigated for indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production in nutrient broth (NB). All the strains tested produced IAA in NB; albeit in very low concentrations (0.09-0.37 mg/l). The addition of L-tryptophan (0.1 - 1.0 g/l) into NB substantially enhanced IAA production (6.1 - 31.5 folds) indicating that L-tryptophan was the precursor for IAA biosynthesis by these bacterial strains. Maximum IAA production was observed after 8 days of incubation (in late stationary phase of bacterial growth). The variation in IAA production was attributed to the genetic make up of these strains as evaluated by RAPD analysis of these isolates and B. subtilis type strain MTCC 441. Application of B. subtilis suspension (8 x 10(9) CFU/ml) on the surface of yam (Dioscorea rotundata L.) minisetts increased the number of sprouts, roots and shoots length, root and shoot fresh weights and root: shoot ratio over those minisetts not treated with bacterial suspension. Fresh cowdung slurry treatment on yam minisetts also produced similar results as obtained with B. subtilis application.

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