This study was made to elucidate the changes in the periarticular connective tissue that can underlie the contracture after spasticity development. Sixteen Wistar rats underwent a spinal cord injury and 16 rats were either sham- or nonoperated. The periarticular connective tissue of the knee joint was assessed with histological, histomorphometric, immunohistochemical, and biochemical analyses. Histological results showed a smaller synovial intima, a dense subintimal and posterior joint capsule without fibrosis, and a disarranged posterior capsule in the spinal cord-injured knees with the flexion contracture. The synovial intima length was shortened only at the posterior capsule. Neither the distribution nor expression of type I and III collagen was affected. Contractures after spinal cord injuries are characterized by synovial intima adhesions. A dense and disarranged capsule may lead to joint stiffness. The alteration of periarticular connective tissues exhibits properties characteristic of the contracture after spasticity development.