Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts from human alveolar bone

Connect Tissue Res. 2007;48(4):206-13. doi: 10.1080/03008200701458749.


In view of the controversy of the clinical use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment to stimulate fracture healing and bone regeneration, we have analyzed the effects of daily exposure to HBO on the proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblasts in vitro. HBO stimulated proliferation when osteoblasts were cultured in 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), whereas an inhibitory effect of HBO was observed when cultures were supplemented with 2% FCS. On the other hand, HBO enhanced biomineralization with an increase in bone nodule formation, calcium deposition, and alkaline phosphatase activity, whereas no cytotoxic effect was detected using a lactate dehydrogenase activity assay. The data suggest that the exposure of osteoblasts to HBO enhances differentiation toward the osteogenic phenotype, providing cellular evidence of the potential application of HBO in fracture healing and bone regeneration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Alveolar Process / drug effects*
  • Alveolar Process / metabolism
  • Alveolar Process / pathology
  • Animals
  • Calcification, Physiologic / drug effects
  • Calcinosis / chemically induced
  • Calcinosis / metabolism
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cattle
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects*
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Drug Interactions
  • Fetal Blood / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation*
  • Osteoblasts / drug effects*
  • Osteoblasts / metabolism
  • Osteoblasts / pathology
  • Oxygen / pharmacology*
  • Serum / physiology


  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Oxygen
  • Calcium