Genomic variants of TLR1--it takes (TLR-)two to tango

Eur J Immunol. 2007 Aug;37(8):2059-62. doi: 10.1002/eji.200737604.


Toll-like receptors (TLR) are innate immune sensors of microbial cell wall products that initiate early host responses. The TLR2 receptor complex has been shown to contain heterodimers of TLR2 with either TLR1 or TLR6 enabling the host to detect different microbial molecules, such as lipopeptides of different chemical composition. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, an important role in the sensing of microbial products for I602S, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in human TLR1 has been identified. This result, in combination with another recently published report on this polymorphism elucidating a functional role in cell trafficking (surface expression of the receptor complex in individuals carrying the SNP was altered), provide genetic evidence affirming the important function of TLR1 as an essential co-receptor for TLR2.

Publication types

  • Comment
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 1 / genetics*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 1 / immunology
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2 / genetics*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2 / immunology


  • Toll-Like Receptor 1
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2