Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment

Neurol Clin. 2007 Aug;25(3):577-609, v. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2007.03.008.


As our society ages, age-related diseases assume increasing prominence as both personal and public health concerns. Disorders of cognition are particularly important in both regards, and Alzheimer's disease is by far the most common cause of dementia of aging. In 2000, the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease in the United States was estimated to be 4.5 million individuals, and this number has been projected to increase to 14 million by 2050. Although not an inevitable consequence of aging, these numbers speak to the dramatic scope of its impact. This article focuses on Alzheimer's disease and the milder degrees of cognitive impairment that may precede the clinical diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease, such as mild cognitive impairment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis*
  • Alzheimer Disease / physiopathology*
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cognition Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Severity of Illness Index