Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 46 (38), 7164-83

Liquid-phase Catalytic Processing of Biomass-Derived Oxygenated Hydrocarbons to Fuels and Chemicals

Affiliations
Review

Liquid-phase Catalytic Processing of Biomass-Derived Oxygenated Hydrocarbons to Fuels and Chemicals

Juben N Chheda et al. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl.

Abstract

Biomass has the potential to serve as a sustainable source of energy and organic carbon for our industrialized society. The focus of this Review is to present an overview of chemical catalytic transformations of biomass-derived oxygenated feedstocks (primarily sugars and sugar-alcohols) in the liquid phase to value-added chemicals and fuels, with specific examples emphasizing the development of catalytic processes based on an understanding of the fundamental reaction chemistry. The key reactions involved in the processing of biomass are hydrolysis, dehydration, isomerization, aldol condensation, reforming, hydrogenation, and oxidation. Further, it is discussed how ideas based on fundamental chemical and catalytic concepts lead to strategies for the control of reaction pathways and process conditions to produce H(2)/CO(2) or H(2)/CO gas mixtures by aqueous-phase reforming, to produce furan compounds by selective dehydration of carbohydrates, and to produce liquid alkanes by the combination of aldol condensation and dehydration/hydrogenation processes.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 34 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback