Multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors and bilateral pheochromocytoma in neurofibromatosis

World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jun 28;13(24):3384-7. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v13.i24.3384.


The coincidence of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is described only five times within the literature. We report on a 63 year old Caucasian female with the rare condition of neurofibromatosis type 1 coinciding with recurrent gastrointestinal stromal tumor plus bilateral pheochromocytoma (PCC). After a history of palpitations and dizziness that lasted for years, a left adrenal mass was detected by CT. Laparotomy revealed a pheochromocytoma of the left adrenal gland while an ileoterminal GIST was found incidentally intraoperatively. After six months contralateral PCC and multiple recurrent GIST were resected again. After four years the patient is doing well without any signs of further recurrent tumors. Discussion includes review of the literature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / etiology
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology*
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / complications
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / pathology*
  • Pheochromocytoma / pathology*