Bilateral pleural and pericardial effusions because of mediastinal placement of a central venous catheter

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1991 Nov-Dec;15(6):676-9. doi: 10.1177/0148607191015006676.


Pneumothorax, hydrothorax, hydromediastinum, and cardiac tamponade are uncommon, although not unusual, complications of central venous catheter placement. We report a case of hydromediastinum with bilateral pleural and pericardial effusions, occurring in a patient after placement of a Silastic double-lumen central venous catheter for hyperalimentation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mediastinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total*
  • Pericardial Effusion / diagnostic imaging
  • Pericardial Effusion / etiology*
  • Pleural Effusion / diagnostic imaging
  • Pleural Effusion / etiology*
  • Radiography