OneMap is an environment for constructing linkage maps of outcrossing plant species, using full-sib families derived from two outbred parents. The analyses are performed using a novel methodology based on the maximum likelihood approach for simultaneous estimation of linkage and linkage phases (Wu et al. 2002), which has been successfully applied to sugarcane (Garcia et al. 2006). It is implemented as a set of functions for the freely distributed software R, and handles pairwise marker analysis, marker ordering and map refinement. The software is freely available at http://www.ciagri.usp.br/ approximately aafgarci/OneMap/.