Rose angina predicts 23-year coronary heart disease mortality in women and men aged 40-49 years

Heart. 2008 Apr;94(4):482-6. doi: 10.1136/hrt.2007.115931. Epub 2007 Jul 30.


Objective: To determine the long-term coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in women and men with symptoms, according to the Rose Angina Questionnaire at a relatively young age.

Design: Cohort study with the baseline survey conducted during 1974-8. Information on symptoms was collected by a short, three-item version of the Rose Angina Questionnaire. Participants were re-invited to a similar survey five years later and followed for mortality throughout 2000.

Setting: Three counties in Norway (the Norwegian Counties Study).

Participants: 16 616 men and 16 265 women aged 40-49 years and denying CHD in 1974-8.

Main outcome measure: CHD mortality during 23 years.

Results: By the end of follow-up 1316 men (7.9%) and 310 women (1.9%) had died from CHD, including 16% (66/406) of men and 4% (24/563) of women with Rose angina in 1974-8. Rose angina implied an elevated mortality from CHD with adjusted hazard ratios 1.50 (95% CI 1.16 to 1.93) in men and 1.98 (95% CI 1.30 to 3.02) in women. According to calculations based on the Cox model these increases in risk are similar to those associated with elevations of total cholesterol by 1.8 mmol/l (men) and 2.5 mmol/l (women) or elevations of systolic blood pressure by 21 mm Hg (men) or 31 mm Hg (women).

Conclusions: Angina symptoms in ages as low as 40-49 years were associated with elevated long-term CHD mortality in Norwegian women and men. This indicates that the three-item version of the Rose Angina Questionnaire, although a screening tool rather than a diagnostic test, adds information on undiagnosed CHD in both sexes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Angina Pectoris / blood
  • Angina Pectoris / diagnosis*
  • Angina Pectoris / epidemiology
  • Angina Pectoris / physiopathology
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Coronary Disease / blood
  • Coronary Disease / mortality*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Rural Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Cholesterol