Purpose: To report a case of a 5-year-old child with CHARGE association and bilateral conjunctival mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma treated with topical interferon-alpha.
Methods: Case report.
Results: A 5-year-old girl, diagnosed with nonclassical CHARGE association and hyper-immunoglobulin M (IgM) syndrome, was referred with a 2-month history of suspected purulent bilateral streptococcal conjunctivitis. Clinical symptoms did not resolve despite multiple antibiotic treatments, and her clinical course was attributed to underlying immunodeficiency. Biomicroscopy showed salmon-colored, nodular lesions occupying both fornices and caruncles. Inferior conjunctival biopsy was performed, and MALT lymphoma was diagnosed. Bilateral treatment was initiated with topical interferon-alpha, applied 3 times a day at a concentration of 5 x 10 U/m/d, for 4 months. Complete regression of symptoms and conjunctival lesions was achieved. No recurrences have been observed after 1-year follow-up.
Conclusions: We report the use of topical interferon-alpha as treatment for bilateral conjunctival MALT lymphoma in a young child with CHARGE association and hyper-IgM syndrome.