Complications of orthognathic surgery

J Craniofac Surg. 2007 Jul;18(4):975-85; Quiz 986-8. doi: 10.1097/scs.0b013e318068442c.

Abstract

Complications in orthognathic surgery may stem from occurrences at anyone of many time points during the course of the patient's treatment: preoperative judgment and planning, perioperative orthodontic care, or intraoperatively. This article specifically addresses those complications that arise as a result of intraoperative technique. Such complications may broadly be characterized as airway, vascular, neurologic, infectious, skeletal, or aesthetic in nature. For each type, specific complications, their prevention, and their treatment are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Bone Resorption / etiology
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications*
  • Malocclusion / etiology
  • Mandible / blood supply
  • Mandible / innervation
  • Mandible / surgery*
  • Mandibular Condyle / pathology
  • Maxilla / blood supply
  • Maxilla / innervation
  • Maxilla / surgery*
  • Oral Fistula / etiology
  • Oral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Osteotomy / adverse effects*
  • Postoperative Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Tooth Injuries / etiology
  • Trachea / injuries