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, 50 (16), 3883-90

Synthesis and SAR Investigations for Novel Melanin-Concentrating Hormone 1 Receptor (MCH1) Antagonists Part 2: A Hybrid Strategy Combining Key Fragments of HTS Hits

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Synthesis and SAR Investigations for Novel Melanin-Concentrating Hormone 1 Receptor (MCH1) Antagonists Part 2: A Hybrid Strategy Combining Key Fragments of HTS Hits

Chien-An Chen et al. J Med Chem.

Abstract

A novel series of melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH1) receptor antagonists based on combining key fragments from the high-throughput screening (HTS) hits compound 2 (SNAP 7941) and compound 5 (chlorohaloperidol) are described. The resultant analogs, exemplified by compounds 11a-11h, 15a-15h, and 16a-16g, were evaluated in in vitro and in vivo assays for their potential in treatment of mood disorders. From further SAR investigations, N-(3-{1-[4-(3,4-difluorophenoxy)benzyl]-4-piperidinyl}-4-methylphenyl)-2-methylpropanamide (16g, SNAP 94847) was identified to be a high affinity and selective ligand for the MCH1 receptor. Compound 16g also shows good oral bioavailability (59%) and exhibits a brain/plasma ratio of 2.3 in rats. Compound 16g showed in vivo inhibition of a centrally induced MCH-induced drinking effect and exhibited a dose-dependent anxiolytic effect in the rat social interaction model.

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