Possible mechanism of adaptogenic activity of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) during exposure to cold, hypoxia and restraint (C-H-R) stress induced hypothermia and post stress recovery in rats

Food Chem Toxicol. 2007 Dec;45(12):2426-33. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2007.06.019. Epub 2007 Jun 23.


The present study was carried out to investigate mechanism of adaptogenic activity of seabuckthorn dry leaves aqueous lyophilized extract, administered in rats at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight prior to cold (5 degrees C)-hypoxia (428 mmHg)-restraint (C-H-R) exposure up to fall of T(rec) 23 degrees C and recovery (T(rec) 37 degrees C) from C-H-R induced hypothermia. The effect of extract treatment was studied on key metabolic regulatory enzymes in blood, liver and muscle and tissue glycogen in rats on attaining T(rec) 23 degrees C and post stress recovery of T(rec) 37 degrees C. In control rats during C-H-R exposure on attaining T(rec) 23 degrees C there was significant decrease in enzyme activities of blood hexokinase (HK), citrate synthase (CS) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD); liver CS; and in muscle glycogen, and CS and G-6-PD activities. In control rats on recovery of T(rec) 37 degrees C there was also a significant decrease in liver and muscle glycogen levels along with decreased enzyme activities of blood G-6-PD; liver CS; and liver and muscle G-6-PD. This suggested that during severe stressful exposure to C-H-R and post stress recovery the aerobic metabolism as well as hexose monophosphate (HMP) pathway is suppressed. The single and five doses extract treatment restricted the decrease or better maintained tissue glycogen and enzyme activities, viz. HK, phosphofructokinase (PFK), CS and G-6-PD, in blood, liver and muscle, during C-H-R exposure (T(rec) 23 degrees C) and recovery of T(rec) 37 degrees C. The results suggest that seabuckthorn extract treatment caused a trend for shifting anaerobic metabolism to aerobic during C-H-R exposure and post stress recovery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / drug effects*
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Cold Temperature
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Hippophae*
  • Hypothermia / blood
  • Hypothermia / drug therapy*
  • Hypothermia / physiopathology
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Plant Leaves
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Restraint, Physical
  • Stress, Physiological / drug therapy
  • Stress, Physiological / physiopathology


  • Plant Extracts