Dietary intake of adults with mental retardation who reside in community settings

Am J Ment Retard. 2007 Sep;112(5):392-400. doi: 10.1352/0895-8017(2007)112[0392:DIOAWM]2.0.CO;2.


The dietary intake of adults with mental retardation among three different community residential settings was described and compared. Two dietary screeners were administered to 325 adults. The women's Fruit and Vegetable Screener scores from group homes were significantly higher than scores from those with family members and in semi-independent settings. No significant differences were found in dietary intake across residences for men. Overall, 0% to 6% of the participants consumed the recommended 5 or more fruits and vegetables per day, and 15% to 30% consumed the recommended<or=30% or less of calories from fat. Results suggest that regardless of residential setting, men and women do not consume enough fruits and vegetables and consume too much dietary fat.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Body Constitution
  • Comorbidity
  • Data Collection
  • Diet / classification
  • Diet / psychology*
  • Diet Surveys
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Down Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Down Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Down Syndrome / psychology
  • Eating*
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Group Homes
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis
  • Intellectual Disability / epidemiology
  • Intellectual Disability / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Sex Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vegetables


  • Dietary Fats