Giant optical transmission of a subwavelength slit optimized using the magnetic field phase

Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Jul 27;99(4):043902. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.043902. Epub 2007 Jul 25.


In this Letter, we show that the energy equivalent to that incident on a 4.7 microm wide strip can be squeezed through a 50 nm wide slit in a metal film surrounded by grooves. This corresponds to a transmission efficiency of 9400%, which can be even further enhanced by increasing the number of grooves. We use the phase of the magnetic field to explain that the ideal slit-to-groove distance is just over half the plasmon wavelength. In addition, we also optimize the groove depth and width. Such optimized transmission enhancement is very important for near-field devices.