Stress fractures and rehabilitation

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2007 Aug;18(3):401-16, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2007.04.003.


A plethora of medical literature has been published discussing the demographics, risk factors, anatomic distribution, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of stress fractures. However, the literature contains a void regarding the rehabilitation and preventive aspects of this frequent injury. This article briefly reviews the risk factors, common sites, and sport-specific and gender-specific stress fractures. In addition, the common clinical presentation, physical examination findings, and diagnostic evaluation are discussed, including high-risk stress fractures. An in-depth review of the treatment and prevention of stress fractures in women is also provided.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Fractures, Stress / diagnosis
  • Fractures, Stress / prevention & control
  • Fractures, Stress / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Physical Examination
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors