The 'Memory of Water': an almost deciphered enigma. Dissipative structures in extremely dilute aqueous solutions

Homeopathy. 2007 Jul;96(3):163-9. doi: 10.1016/j.homp.2007.05.007.


In the last decade, we have investigated from the physicochemical point of view, whether water prepared by the procedures of homeopathic medicine (leading inexorably to systems without any molecule different from the solvent) results in water different from the initial water? The answer, unexpectedly, but strongly supported by many experimental results is positive. We used well-established physicochemical techniques: flux calorimetry, conductometry, pHmetry and galvanic cell electrodes potential. Unexpectedly the physicochemical parameters evolve in time. The water solvent exhibits large changes in measurable physicochemical properties as a function of its history, the solute previously dissolved, and time. In particular we found evidence of two new phenomena, both totally unpredicted, in homeopathic dilutions: the presence of a maximum in the measured physicochemical parameters vs sample age, and their dependence on the volume in which the dilution is stored. These new experimental results strongly suggest the presence of an extended and 'ordered' dynamics involving liquid water molecules.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calorimetry
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Homeopathy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Materia Medica / chemistry*
  • Models, Chemical
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design
  • Solutions / chemistry*
  • Solvents / chemistry*
  • Water*


  • Materia Medica
  • Solutions
  • Solvents
  • Water