Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion vs intensive conventional insulin therapy in pregnant diabetic women: a systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized, controlled trials

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Nov;197(5):447-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.03.062. Epub 2007 Aug 6.


The objective of the study was to study the effects of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) vs multiple-dose insulin (MDI) therapy on glycemic control and pregnancy outcome in diabetic women. Randomized, controlled trials comparing CSII vs MDI in pregnant diabetic women were included after an electronic database search. Studies were rated for quality independently by 2 reviewers in accordance with the Quality of Reporting of Metaanalyses statement. Summary weighted mean difference and odds ratio were estimated for insulin dose, birthweight, gestational age, mode of delivery, hypoglycemic/ketotic episodes, worsening retinopathy, neonatal hypoglycemia, and rates of intrauterine fetal death. Six randomized clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. Pregnancy outcomes and glycemic control were not significantly different among treatment groups. Higher number of ketoacidotic episodes and diabetic retinopathy found in the CSII group did not reach statistical significance. This systematic review does not show any advantage or disadvantage of using CSII over MDI in pregnant diabetic women. Large multicenter, randomized, controlled trials addressing the quality of life/cost effectiveness are required.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Adult
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Infusion Pumps, Implantable*
  • Insulin / administration & dosage*
  • Insulin Infusion Systems
  • Odds Ratio
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome*
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third
  • Pregnancy in Diabetics / drug therapy*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin